The women continue to lead the housework even if they work full time, according to a study on the distribution of household tasks, confirming their participation more active, physically and routinely than men, especially in cleaning, meals and care Of the children.
It points out that 96% of women always or almost always dress their children, compared to 67% of men in the same employment situation, and in regard to meals, wome are responsible for it 84% and men 54%.
The result came from the study of Maternity and Professional Career which carried out 8,474 surveys for people between 25 and 45 years, of which 7,804 are women and 670 men.
Differences are even more pronounced when it comes to household chores: 92% of full-time women always wash their husband’s clothes and only 10% of men do iron.
Within the marital relationship, six out of ten women believe that their partner enjoys a home advantage and that the time that is spent is dedicated to the most fun activities with their children (play, read, go to the park ).
In general, education is a factor that facilitates greater equality and co-responsibility between men and women, says the study conducted by researchers Nuria Chinchilla and Esther Jiménez.
With respect to the workplace, 35% of women say that they can only reach the top of their company if significant family life is sacrifice are made, such as having fewer children (51%), spending less time than they would like in home (60 %) Or give up being a mother (28%).
In the case of men, 41% of men say they have had fewer children than desired, 63% have spent less time and 21% give up being a father.
In the employee selection processes, almost half of the women say they have been asked if they have or will have children, a discriminatory practice that is not usually denounced.
More than half of the women have given up some work because they do not make it compatible with motherhood and affirm that being a mother has prevented her from becoming more professional. 46% admit having to work harder to prove their worth.
Seven out of ten respondents think that women are discriminated against because they are mothers, that they have few professional opportunities and that companies prefer to promote men.
Although some companies have reconciliation policies, respondents believe that alone is not enough.
91% show as main organizational barriers the lack of flexibility and 85.6% a company culture very little sensitive to motherhood and paternity.
SOCIAL AND PERSONAL BARRIERS
Among the most important social barriers, women believe that support for maternity (97%), which is made available to families (96%), is very scarce, lacking recognition of the value of maternity and Paternity (94%), and the social role of families (93%).
The most cited personal barrier has been lack of training in mostly male areas (mathematics, computer science, engineering) – 54% – followed by barriers for lack of self-confidence: “I underestimate” (34.8%) , “I fear failure” (34.5%) and “lack of confidence in myself” (28.4%).
Regarding training, 73% of couples with differences in the level of education are women who have a higher level of education.
The women who choose a part-time, 76% respond that it is precisely to make compatible work and care of children and only 14% is welcomed because they have not found a full-time job. In the case of men, the reasons and percentages are similar.
About 33% of the women interviewed and 48% of the men interviewed entered the salary.
The highest percentage of women are in the lowest wage brackets, while men are in the highest brackets; 54% of women have a lower income level than their partners or spouses.